Wall Street Brasilian vallankaappauksen takana

 

6.6.2016 Jari Virtanen

 

Alkuperäinen kirjoitus: http://www.globalresearch.ca/wall-street-behind-brazil-coup-d-etat/5526715

 

Määräysvalta rahapolitiikasta ja makrotalouden uudistus olivat lopulliset tavoitteet vallankaappauksessa. Tärkeimmät nimitykset Wall Streetin kannalta ovat rahapolitiikkaa ja valuuttakauppaa hallitseva keskuspankki, sekä valtiovarainministeriö ja Brasilian pankki (Banco do Brasil).

Michel Temerin väliaikainen vallankaappauksen jälkeinen ”hallitus" on nimittänyt Wall Streetin ja "Washingtonin ryhmän" puolesta valtiovarainministeriön johtoon entisen Wall Streetillä toimineen pääjohtajan, jolla on Yhdysvaltojen kansalaisuus.
Henrique de Campos Meirelles, entinen FleetBoston Financial Global Bankingin pääjohtaja (1999-2002), joka toimi Brasilian keskuspankin johtajana presidentti Lulan aikana, nimitettiin valtiovarainministeriksi 12. toukokuuta.

 

Ilan Goldfajn [Goldfein], joka nimitettiin keskuspankin johtoon, oli Itaún, Brasilian suurimman yksityisen pankin pääekonomisti. Goldfajnilla [Goldfein] on läheiset suhteet sekä IMF:ään että Maailmanpankkiin. Hän on Meirellesin taloudellisten asioiden taitaja-kaveri.
 

Historiallinen tausta
 

Brasilian [valuutan] Realin aika on ollut voimakkaasti dollari-myönteistä. Sisäisen velan ottaminen on nostanut maan ulkomaanvelkaa. Wall Street aikoo tarkoituksella pitää Brasilian ”valuutta-pakkopaidassa”.
 

Cardoson hallituksesta lähtien Wall Street on valvonut tarkkaan nimityksiä taloudellisiin tehtäviin valtiovarainministeriössä, Brasilian pankissa ja keskuspankissa, muiden muassa. Cardoson ja Luis Ignacio da Silvan (Lula) hallitusten aikana keskuspankin kuvernöörin nimittämisen hyväksyi Wall Street.

Tässä muutama esimerkki Wall Streetin tekemistä nimityksistä Cardoson, Lulan, ja Temerin aikana:


Arminio Fraga: Keskuspankin puheenjohtaja 1999 – 2003, George Sorosin liikekunppani, Quantum Fund, New York, Kaksoiskansalaisuus: Brasilia ja USA.


Henrique de Campos Meirelles Keskuspankin puheenjohtaja 2003 - 2011). Kaksoiskansalaisuus: Brasilia ja USA.

Bank Bostonin pääjohtaja (1996-99) ja FleetBoston Financial Global Banking pääjohtaja (1999-2002). Vuonna 2004, FleetBoston fuusioitiin Bank American kanssa. Ennen sulautumista, FleetBoston oli seitsemänneksi suurin pankki Yhdysvalloissa. Bank America on tällä hetkellä toiseksi suurin pankki Yhdysvalloissa.

(Suomennos loppuu, artikkeli jatkuu englanniksi)

 

After having been dismissed by Dilma in 2010, Meirelles made a come back. He was appointed Minister of Finance by the “interim President” Michel Temer.

Ilan Goldfajn, chief economist of Itaú, Brazil’s largest private bank. Goldfajn [Goldfein] was appointed by Michel Temer interim “government” to head the Central Bank. (May 16, 2016). Dual Citizenship Israel-Brazil.

Goldfajn had previously worked at the Central Bank under Arminio Fraga as well as under Henrique Mereilles. He has close personal ties to Prof. Stanley Fischer, currently Vice-Chair of the US Federal Reserve. Needless to say Golfajn’s appointment to the Central Bank was approved by the IMF, the US Treasury, Wall Street and the US Federal Reserve.

It is worth noting that Stanley Fischer had previously held the position of of Deputy Managing Director of the IMF and Governor of the Central Bank of Israel. Both Fischer and Goldfajn are Israeli citizens, with ties to the pro-Israel lobby.

Dilma Rouseff’s appointee to the Central Bank, not approved by Wall Street

Alexandre Antônio Tombini, Governor of Central Bank (2011-2016). Career official in the Ministry of Finance. Citizenship: Brazil

Historical Background

In early 1999, in the immediate wake of the speculative onslaught against Brazil’s national currency (Real), the president of the Central Bank Professor Francisco Lopez (who had been appointed on January 13th Black Wednesday 1999) was sacked shortly thereafter and replaced by Arminio Fraga, a US citizen and employee of George Soros’ Quantum Fund in New York.

“The fox had been appointed to guard the chicken coop”.

More concretely Wall Street speculators were in charge of Brazil’s monetary policy.

Under Lula, Henrique Campos de Meirelles was appointed President of the Central Bank of Brazil. He had acted previously as president and CEO within one of Wall Street’s largest financial institutions. FleetBoston was the second largest creditor of Brazil, after Citigroup. To say the least, he was in conflict of interest. His appointment was agreed upon prior to Lula’s accession to the presidency.

Henrique Meirelles was a staunch supporter of Argentina’s controversial Plan Cavallo in the 1990s: a Wall Street “stabilization plan” which wreaked economic and social havoc. The essential structure of Argentina’s Cavallo Plan was replicated in Brazil under the Real Plan, namely the enforcement of a dollarised convertible national currency (Real). What this scheme implies is that the internal debt is transformed into a dollar denominated external debt.

Upon Dilma’s accession to the presidency in 2011, Meirielles was not renewed as president of the Central Bank.

Sovereignty in Monetary Policy

Finance Minister Mereilles under the interim “government” supports the so-called “independence of the Central Bank”. The application of this fake concept implies that the government should not intervene in Central Bank decisions. But there are no restrictions on “Wall Street Foxes”.

The issue of sovereignty in monetary policy is crucial. The objective of the coup d’Etat was to deny Brazil’s sovereignty in the formulation of macro-economic policy.

Wall Street Fox

Under Dilma, the “tradition” of selecting a “Wall Street fox” had been abandoned with the appointment of Alexandre Antônio Tombini, a career government official, who headed the Central Bank of Brazil from 2011 to May 2016.

Upon Michel Temer’s accession as “interim president”, Henrique Campos de Meirelles was appointed to head the Ministry of Finance. In turn, Meirelles appointed his own cronies to head the Central Bank and the Banco do Brasil. Meirelles was described by the US media as “market friendly”.

Michel Temer’s Economic appointments:

Henrique de Campos Meirelles, Minister of Finance,

Ilan Golfajn, President of the Central Bank of Brazil, crony appointed by Meirelles

Paulo Caffarelli, Bank of Brazil, crony appointed by Meirelles

Concluding Remarks

What is at stake through various mechanisms –including intelligence ops, financial manipulation, media propaganda–is the outright destabilization of Brazil’s state structure and national economy, not to mention the mass impoverishment of the Brazilian people.

The US does not want to deal or negotiate with a sovereign reformist nationalist government. What it wants is a compliant US proxy state.

Lula was “acceptable” because he followed the instructions of Wall Street and the IMF.

While the neoliberal policy agenda prevailed under Rousseff, a reformist-populist agenda was also implemented which departed from the Wall Street sponsored macroeconomic mainstay during the Lula presidency. According to IMF’s Managing Director Heinrich Koeller (2003) Lula was “Our best president”:

“I am enthusiastic [with Lula's administration]; but it is better to say I am deeply impressed by President Lula” (IMF Press Conference, 2003).

Under Lula, there was not need for “regime change”. Luis Ignacio da Silva had endorsed the “Washington Consensus”.

The temporary demise of Henrique de Campos Meirelles following the election of Dilma Rousseff was crucial. Wall Street had not approved Dilma’s appointments to the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance.

If Dilma had chosen to retain Henrique de Campos Meirelles, the Coup d’Etat would most probably not have taken place.

The US Proxy Regime in Brasilia

A former CEO/president of one of America’s largest financial institutions (and a US citizen) controls Brazil’s key financial institutions and sets the macroeconomic and monetary agenda for a country of more than 200 Million people.

It is called a Coup d’Etat… by Wall Street.

 

 

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